The different types of pigment spots and their causes

Pigment spot types

Pigmentation spots are a common skin problem that can affect people of all ages. From small freckles to larger spots caused by sun exposure or other factors, there are a variety of pigmentary changes that can occur on the skin. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the different types of pigmentation spots and shed some light on their causes.

Pigmentation types:


Freckles are small, flat pigment spots that usually appear on the sun-exposed areas of the face. They are caused by an increased production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair colour. Freckles are genetic and often occur in people with fair skin.


Lentigines, also known as "liver spots" or "sun damage", are flat, brown spots that can appear due to long-term sun exposure. They are often found on the hands, face and other sun-exposed areas. Lentigines are caused by the accumulation of melanin in certain areas of the skin.


Melasma is a type of pigmentation disorder that mainly occurs in women, especially during pregnancy or due to hormonal changes. It manifests itself in irregularly shaped, dark patches that appear mainly on the face. The exact causes of melasma are not yet fully understood, but hormonal changes and UV radiation are considered to be the main factors.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation:

This type of pigmentation occurs in response to inflammation or injury to the skin, such as acne breakouts, burns or cuts. The pigmentation is caused by an overproduction of melanin as part of the healing process. The colour of the spots can vary from pink to brown to dark brown depending on the skin type.

Age spots

Age spotsalso called senile lentigines, are flat, light brown to dark brown spots that develop over time due to sun damage. They are common in people over 40 and are often found on the hands, face and other sun-exposed areas of the skin.

Causes of pigmentation spots

The causes of pigmentation spots can be varied and often depend on the type of spot. The most common causes include:

  • Excessive sun exposure: UV radiation can stimulate the production of melanin and lead to freckles, lentigines and age spots.
  • Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, hormonal therapies or changes in hormonal balance can lead to melasma.
  • Genetics: Some people have a genetic predisposition to certain types of pigmentation spots, such as freckles.
  • Inflammation and injury to the skin: Acne breakouts, injury or inflammation can lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


Pigmentation spots can have a variety of forms and causes. From freckles to melasma and age spots, treating and preventing these pigmentary changes can be challenging. It is important to protect yourself from excessive sun exposure, practice proper skin care and seek professional help when needed. By understanding the different types of pigmentation spots and their causes, we can make better informed decisions for the care of our skin.

Remove pigmentation spots
with Avush!

For Women & Men
Delivery time: 3-4 days

Pigmented age spots

Questions and answers:

What are the most common types of pigment spots?

The most common types of pigmentation spots are freckles, lentigines (liver spots), melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and age spots.

How do pigment spots develop?

Pigmentation spots are caused by an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for the colour of the skin. This can be caused by sun exposure, hormonal changes, genetic predisposition or inflammation of the skin.

Are pigment spots dangerous or a sign of skin cancer?

As a rule, pigment spots are harmless and not a sign of skin cancer. However, suspicious or changing spots should always be examined by a dermatologist to rule out skin cancer.

How can I prevent pigmentation spots?

To prevent pigmentation spots, effective sun protection is crucial. Use sunscreen with a high sun protection factor, wear protective clothing and avoid excessive sun exposure.

Are there effective treatments for pigmentation spots?

Yes, there are different treatment options for pigmentation spots, depending on the type and severity. These include topical creams, chemical peels, laser therapy and other aesthetic procedures. Consult a dermatologist to determine the best option for your specific situation. We recommend our natural Avush pigment spot serum.

Are home remedies effective in treating pigmentation spots?

Some home remedies can help reduce the appearance of pigmentation spots. These include lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, aloe vera, turmeric and certain essential oils. However, it is important to note that not all home remedies are suitable for every skin type and their effectiveness may vary. Always consult a professional before using home remedies.

More contributions

Shopping Basket
Nach oben scrollen